Record记录 Region地理 13P 江苏至北京运河全图
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《江苏至北京运河全图》由连续长页制成后折迭为经折装,高 24.1 厘米,宽 13 厘米,共 21 折。卷首附有以墨笔隶书手题的图名。此图于清代(1644–1911 年)刊印,但作者与出版日期未知。左下有三行题记云:“庚戌秋仲得此/图于都门厂肆/修整后题首”。图上还盖有多个章印,包括“杜”字白方、“复盦”朱方 以及“杨见心”白方,这些印章很可能指作品之前的收藏者。这幅地图以世界上最长的人工运河“京杭大运河”(简称“大运河”)为主题。自隋代 (581–618 年)以来,大运河促进了中国都市中心区经济市场的繁荣。从唐代至清代,它作为贯穿中国南北的主要交通动脉,一直是运输粮食和其它商品到北京的要道。这条便利的交通动脉也让皇帝得以巡视江南地区。在清代,康熙皇帝和乾隆皇帝就曾12 次南巡,有一次还到过杭州。本图首尾有残损,江南一段已佚缺。图中所示的运河不是自杭州起,而是自江苏武进县附近之陵口镇起始,一路蜿蜒北进,但只到山东省的临清州界止,才刚越黄河,尚未进入河北,距北京还有一段相当长的距离。这幅地图绘制精细,沿途各支流、湖泊、山林、城池、桥梁、寺院、宝塔、神庙、沟闸、河堤岸、沙洲、斗门,乃至各地距离等等,均一一注明。有些支流密如蛛网,是常年在运河上航行的漕运客难以想象的。这类地图向来较少刻本传世,因此非常珍贵。
The Complete Map of the Canal from Jiangsu to Beijing is made of continuous long pages and then folded into a folded package, with a height of 24.1 cm and a width of 13 cm, totaling 21 folds. At the beginning of the volume, there is a title of calligraphy in ink. This picture was printed in the Qing Dynasty (1644 – 1911), but the author and publication date are unknown. There are three lines of inscriptions on the bottom left: “Gengxu Qiu Zhong obtained this/Pictured in Dumen Factory IV/The title after repair”. There are also several seals on the drawing, including the white side of the word “Du”, the white side of the word “Fu” Zhu and the white side of the word “Yang Jianxin”. These seals probably refer to the previous collectors of the works. This map is themed on the longest man-made canal in the world, the Beijing Hangzhou Grand Canal (the Grand Canal for short). Since the Sui Dynasty (581 – 618), the Grand Canal has promoted the prosperity of the economic market in China’s urban centers. From the Tang Dynasty to the Qing Dynasty, as the main transportation artery running through the north and south of China, it was always the main road to transport grain and other commodities to Beijing. This convenient transportation artery also enabled the emperor to inspect the Jiangnan region. In the Qing Dynasty, Emperor Kangxi and Emperor Qianlong made 12 southern patrols, and once visited Hangzhou. The head and tail of this drawing are damaged, and a section of Jiangnan has been lost. The canal shown in the picture does not start from Hangzhou, but from Zhilingkou Town near Wujin County, Jiangsu Province. It winds its way northward, but only ends at the boundary of Linqing Prefecture, Shandong Province. It has just crossed the Yellow River and has not yet entered Hebei. It is quite a long distance from Beijing. This map is finely drawn, and all tributaries, lakes, mountains, forests, cities, bridges, temples, pagodas, temples, sluice gates, river banks, sandbars, Doumen, and even the distances of various places along the way are indicated one by one. Some tributaries are as dense as cobwebs, which is unimaginable for water transport passengers sailing on the canal all the year round. This kind of map has never been handed down in printed form, so it is very precious.


Record记录 Region地理 13P 江苏至北京运河全图


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可点 ➠ 2023年-01月-03日 57 s 0
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