China国内名家 Painting绘画 12P 十二月月令图.轴.清画院画.台北故宫博物院藏
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这是一套十二幅描写岁时,也就是一年自农历正月到十二月间,民间各种节令与习俗的风俗画。画家没有落款,也没有写上年份,但根据学者研究,可能是清朝乾隆初年,由不同宫廷画家合作完成。画面场景丰富,物象描写细腻,每幅都以西洋透视法绘制庭园景致,构筑出有如真实的画境。这些庭园建筑从画面右下角或左下角,延伸至远方,三两成组的人群,穿插其间,从事着各种岁时活动。「月令」一词,原本指的是依照十二个月颁布的政令,从明清时代才开始普遍用在画名,内容多半表现岁时活动。不同月份,自然界会产出不同植物,例如一月梅花、二月杏花、三月桃花、五月昌蒲、六月荷花、九月菊花;而时序不同,人们也有各种活动,例如正月赏花灯、五月赛龙舟、七月乞巧、八月赏月、九月登高、十二月滑冰。这套十二月令图除了在每个月的场景,描绘出相对应的特定活动,还在多层次的建筑空间内,搭配了同一个月里其他岁时活动。例如一月景描绘了元宵灯会,但庭院中又有孩童戴面具做戏;五月景的主要活动为龙舟竞渡,而左下方同时表现了准备药品的习俗;九月则同时描写了赏菊、登高两种活动。这种作法让画面中的时间产生流动感,也增强了观者视线在画面空间中移动的效果。这十二幅画轴曾经在乾隆皇帝的宫廷里悬挂,每月一幅,按月更换。观赏者在欣赏每个月的景致同时,彷彿也参与了画面中的种种活动。
This is a set of twelve custom paintings depicting various folk festivals and customs at the age of, that is, from the first month of the lunar calendar to December of the year. The painter did not sign the name or write the year, but according to scholars’ research, it may be the early years of Qianlong in the Qing Dynasty, which was completed by different court painters. The picture scene is rich, and the description of objects and images is exquisite. Each painting uses western perspective to draw the garden scenery, and constructs a realistic painting scene. These garden buildings extend from the lower right corner or the lower left corner of the picture to the far distance, with three or two groups of people interspersed among them, engaged in various age activities. The term “monthly decree” originally refers to the decree issued in 12 months, which has been widely used in painting names since the Ming and Qing Dynasties. Most of the content shows the activities at the age of. In different months, nature will produce different plants, such as January plum, February apricot, March peach, May cattail, June lotus, September chrysanthemum; In different time sequences, people also have various activities, such as enjoying lanterns in the first month, racing dragon boats in May, begging for luck in July, watching the moon in August, climbing high in September, and skating in December. In addition to the scenes of each month, this set of December pictures depicts the corresponding specific activities, and also matches other activities of the same month in the multi-level architectural space. For example, the January scene depicts the Lantern Festival, but there are children wearing masks in the courtyard; The main activity of the Mayview is the dragon boat race, while the lower left part also shows the custom of preparing medicine; In September, the two activities of appreciating chrysanthemums and climbing high are described at the same time. This method makes the time in the picture flow, and also enhances the effect of the viewer’s line of sight moving in the picture space. These twelve picture scrolls were once hung in the court of Emperor Qianlong, and were replaced every month. While appreciating the scenery of each month, the viewer seems to participate in various activities in the picture.


China国内名家 Painting绘画 12P 十二月月令图.轴.清画院画.台北故宫博物院藏


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可点 ➠ 2023年-01月-08日 30 s 0
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